The Deutsche Morgenländische Gesellschaft (DMG) is, since its founding on the 2nd of October 1845, the most significant scientific society of German orientalists.
Its members work on the languages and cultures of the OrientNear and Middle East, Asia, Oceania and Africa as well as the connections of these areas to e ach other and to neighbouring regions.
The scientific disciplines represented in the DMG are: Egyptology, Old OrientalAncient Near Eastern Studies, Semitic StudiesPhilology, Hebrew Studies, Arabic Studies, Islamic Studies, the study of the Christian Orient, Iranian Studies, Buddhist Studies, Indology, Turkology, Altaistic, Mongolian Studiesstic, Tibetan Studiesology, Sinology, Japanology, Southeast Asian Studies, African Studies and related subjects.
The society was founded in Darmstadt, but had its first seat in Leipzig. The prime mover behind the founding was the arabistscholar of Arabic Heinrich Leberecht Fleischer (1801 - 1888) with a chair at the University of Leipzig. Because private scientific societies were no longer allowed in the Soviet Occupation Zone, the corresponding entry was removed from the registry of societies in Leipzig at the order of the occupation force after World War II. The society was newly founded with the permission of the French military government on the 4th of June 1948 in Mainz.
Since the 28th of September 2006 the seat of the society is Halle (Saale).